Guy Harvey Magazine

WIN-SPR 2018

Guy Harvey Magazine is focused on fishing, boating, scuba diving, and marine conservation. Portfolios from the world's best fishing photographers, articles on gear, travel, tournaments, apparel, lifestyle, seafood recipes, sustainable fisheries.

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www.GuyHarveyMagazine.com | 73 It's a battle that's been raging in the Bristol Bay region for nearly a decade. On one side is Northern Dynasty Minerals, a Canadian-based mining company; and on the other side, a coalition of opposition from Alaska Regional Native Corporations, commercial and recreational fishermen, guides, chefs, environmental groups, NGOs, hunting guides, outfitters and hundreds of other businesses. Mineral exploration began in the late 1980s, but the proposed mine did not receive much national attention until the early 2000s, when Northern Dynasty began exploring in earnest (see timeline). The proposed Pebble site is situated about 15 miles upstream from Lake Iliamna in the Bristol Bay watershed and is purported to hold the largest known undeveloped copper ore body in the world, estimated to contain $300+ billion worth of recoverable copper, gold and other metals. From an economic standpoint, one might see why it's so attractive. Many believe there is no amount of money worth the consequential economic, cultural and environmental disaster that could come from a project like Pebble. Bristol Bay Fishery by the numbers ($ annually): • $1.5 billion economy • 14,000 jobs (commercial fishermen, guides, processors, lodge owners, tourism operators, etc.) • 160 million pounds of salmon valued at $310 million (wholesale) • $90 million tourism tax and license fee revenue • 37,000 individual sportfishing trips (1/3 out of state visitors) • 30 Alaska native tribes • 7,259 total population The Pebble Mine: A Looming Threat to Bristol Bay Over the past decade, Pebble has kept Bristol Bay businesses, wild salmon and jobs in limbo. With the change in federal Administration in 2017, the Pebble Partnership submitted an application to develop a massive open-pit mine in the headwaters of Bristol Bay, Alaska's world-class salmon rivers. Review of their plans confirms the Pebble Mine would irrevocably damage Bristol Bay's salmon runs, clean water, and wild landscape. Rio Tinto exits Pebble project, granting its shares to two state-based non profits. 2.5 Million number of Americans who have expressed support for protecting Bristol Bay using 404(c) Pebble Partnership officially formed with Anglo American Tribes, commercial fishermen, and many others file request to the EPA to initiate 404(c) $1.5 billion annual revenue brought in by fish-based economy 14,000 fish based jobs in region 4 Number of major mining companies that have walked away from the project Northern Dynasty Minerals acquires leases from Teck Cominco (which Cominco held since 1988) Northern Dynasty files preliminary water rights applications to use 35 billion gallons of water a year from three rivers. Pebble targets completion of a pre-feasibility study in December 2008, a feasibility study by 2011, and start of commercial production by 2015. 2010 Pebble fined for withdrawing water without a permit on 45 separate occasions. Anglo American withdraws from Pebble Partnership Hours after a closed-door meeting between the new EPA Administrator and the CEO of Northern Dynasty, the EPA Administrator proposed to withdraw important protections for Bristol Bay salmon (the 2014 Proposed Determination). Pebble unveils a new "smaller" mine plan to the public just one week after pitching the project to potential new investors as the "initial approach" in what could, "operate for generations." EPA receives a record number of comments in support of keeping the proposed Clean Water Act protections for Bristol Bay. 1 northerndynastyminerals.com/ndm/NewsReleases.asp?ReportID=595686 2 3 4 5 6 dnr.alaska.gov/mlw/mining/largemine/pebble/water-right-apps/ angloamerican.com/media/press-releases/2007/2007-08-01 dnr.alaska.gov/mlw/mining/largemine/pebble/water-settlement/index.cfm 1 2 3 4 2014 The EPA issues the 404(c) Proposed Determination, which if finalized, would restrict the amount of mine waste that could be disposed of in the Bristol Bay region. Pebble files its federal permit applications. They include plans for an open pit up to 1,750 feet deep and over a mile wide & long; filling 6.4 square miles of wetlands; a private road system almost 100 miles long, which would cross Lake Iliamna and salmon streams 200+ times; a 188-mile pipeline from the Kenai Peninsula; a new deep-water port in Cook Inlet; billions of gallons of wastewater discharge annually; and more. Pebble files for its state exloration permits (known as "MLUP"), which reveals plans for dozens of new drill holes outside of the proposed phase 1 mine site, as well as drawing over 80,000 gallons of water per day from Upper Talarik Creek https://aws.state.ak.us/OnlinePublicNotices/Notices/View.aspx?id=188476 6 Alaskans were assured that that "Pebble was on schedule to finalize a proposed development plan in 2009"... and apply for permits in early 2010 CEO of Anglo American Mining Company, says they won't go where they're not wanted. 5 fastcompany.com/1042481/anglo-american%E2%80%99s-bristol-bay-controversy-wildlife-vs-mineral-riches Northern Dynasty Minerals releases preliminary assessment showing the Pebble deposit contains nearly 11 billion tons of ore 7 7 https://www.northerndynastyminerals.com/news/news-releases/2011/northern-dynasty- receives-positive-preliminary-assessment-technical-report-for-globally-significant-pebble-copper-gold-molybdenu/ 2018 U.S. EPA Administrator Scott Pruitt announced that he would not withdraw the 2014 Clean Water Act 404(c) Proposed Determination AK Gov. Bill Walker states, "in the Bristol Bay region we should prioritize the resource that has sustained generations and must continue to do so in perpetuity." 8 8 2015 2007 2008 2001 2006 2007 2010 2013 2017 May 2017 Oct 2017 Dec 2018 Jan 2011 2017 Sept https://gov.alaska.gov/newsroom/2018/01/federal-regulators-respond-to-outcry-from-alaskans-concerned-about-mining-in-bristol-bay/ 2018 Jan Timeline courtesy of Trout Unlmited

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