Guy Harvey Magazine

SUM 2013

Guy Harvey Magazine is focused on fishing, boating, scuba diving, and marine conservation. Portfolios from the world's best fishing photographers, articles on gear, travel, tournaments, apparel, lifestyle, seafood recipes, sustainable fisheries.

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Page 45 of 83

Such strong demand and paltry domestic production has caused a great deal of hand-wringing, both because it shows a loss of economic opportunity and it reduces national food security. A number of reasons have been cited to explain this phenomenon, including strict governmental regulations, user conficts over access to water and land resources, high production costs, limited investment in development of aquaculture technologies and the wide-spread availability of low-cost imports. On this last issue, it's also noted that as the middle class in Asia becomes more afuent, less seafood will be available for export. The spotlight for creating additional aquaculture opportunities in the U.S. shines most brightly on the state of Florida. This is because for all its coastline and afliation with seafood, it represents a very limited amount of national aquaculture production. In the last decade, however, some progress has been made by governmental, academic and private groups working throughout the state. A number of species from the Gulf of Mexico have been studied as potential candidates for being grown commercially, including Florida pompano, cobia, southern founder, blackfn tuna, greater amberjack, red drum, common snook and spotted seatrout. Mahi mahi, tripletail, mullet, and several snapper and grouper species have also received a fair amount of interest. As a result, there is a commercial marine fsh hatchery on Florida's east coast that is producing pompano and cobia eggs and larvae, which are shipped and farmed outside of the state. Researchers have also identifed a number of technological gaps for marine fsh aquaculture species. Farming fsh is not as simple as keeping an aquarium and letting nature run its course. It's a multi-faceted process, and for each species, it requires the development of genetic improvements through selective breeding programs, and identifying the nutritional requirements for all life stages, health management strategies, reproductive control, and production of high quality eggs, larvae and fngerlings. One of the groups at the head of the learning curve in these areas is Mote Aquaculture Research Park. It was established in 2001 to expand opportunities for U.S. seafood production using sustainable aquaculture practices for both high-value marine and freshwater species. It boasts a state-of-the-art farm and research laboratory in Sarasota, Florida, and is developing new aquaculture production methods more than 17 miles from any saltwater coastline or large body of freshwater. It includes 125,000 sq. ft. of indoor tank and fltration as part of Mote's Marine & Freshwater Aquaculture Research Program and also houses a commercial sturgeon farm. The facility's distance from a large mass of water is signifcant. One of the primary focuses of Mote's research is the efcient use of water. Traditional aquaculture practices use large quantities of high-quality fresh or salt water, From top: Mote's Aquaculture Research Park uses recirculating tank systems and discharging it after minimal use; but water is now globally recognized as a demonstrates that you don't need to be near a large body of water to farm fsh. Growout valuable and limited commodity. A logical alternative to using more water is tanks for the sturgeon demonstration program. Processing sturgeon meat and caviar to to reuse water by employing recirculating technology. This process includes be sold and distributed nationally. linking marine fsh systems to wastewater treatment facilities, where researchers

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