Guy Harvey Magazine

SUM 2013

Guy Harvey Magazine is focused on fishing, boating, scuba diving, and marine conservation. Portfolios from the world's best fishing photographers, articles on gear, travel, tournaments, apparel, lifestyle, seafood recipes, sustainable fisheries.

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Page 25 of 83

The problem is, like sharks, recreational and cases, the bans or limits to "fshing" do not distinguish commercial fshermen are often considered the same between recreational anglers who may catch a cooler in the eyes of regulatory agencies when, in fact, our of fsh on a hook and line and commercial feets who implemented in far corners of the world. That's why DNA is completely diferent. The only similarity is that harvest vast amounts of seafood with gillnets, bottom MPAs play an important role in protecting vast areas both groups spend a lot of time around the water. But trawls, longlines and fsh traps. of ocean around places like Hawaii, New Zealand, the that's where the equality stops. Not to demonize commercial fshermen, they Unfortunately for anglers, our identity problem buddies and a cooler of cold beer…that's fshing. Programs like GulfWild may never be Phoenix Island (the world's largest MPA) and other work hard to provide products for fsh markets and ocean "nurseries." However, it's altogether a diferent has and is causing us to be punished because many seafood restaurants so we can enjoy fresh fsh when story when an MPA lands in your backyard or infringes fshing regulations do not distinguish between we don't have time (or luck) to catch it. And, in the on your favorite local fshing hole—a scenario that is the two groups. We are thrown in with the mega United States, the commercial guys have much more happening with growing frequency from California Japanese longline ship that indiscriminately catches stringent regulations than, say, a big commercial to Florida. turtles or manta rays in pursuit of swordfsh or the boat from Taiwan. In fact, commercial feets along the Ecuadorian purse seiner catching dolphins with their Gulf of Mexico coast have implemented innovative detail, MPAs in this country are descendants of tuna haul. It's unfair, but it's a cold reality of modern programs like GulfWild ( and Gulf the Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and day fshing management. Seafood Trace ( that put Management Act, which is still the principal federal Not recognizing the distinction is especially Without going into government-like excessive coded plastic tags on every fsh caught. Seafood law governing fsheries in the United States. This harmful when we're facing the most monumental buyers can go online and track where the fsh was highly complex act was originally passed in 1976 marine management movement sweeping the planet, caught, which boat and captain caught the fsh, and has been revised many times since. Just Google known as Marine Life Protection Areas (MPAs). MPAs and the time of day it was caught. Seafood shops it and set aside a few hours of reading time. While play a vital role in protecting the ecosystem from such and restaurants can track down where their fsh are Magnuson-Stevens certainly has its faws, in its four destructive practices as coral harvesting, longline coming from. While that creates more accountability, decades of existence, the act has been successful fshing for sharks, or the large-scale removal of it is still commercial fshing, which should really be in protecting numerous fsheries. At the same time, seafood or aquarium fsh from the wild. But in many called harvesting. A rod, a reel, a lure, a group of other fsheries have declined, illustrating how difcult management of the marine resource can be. Southern California State and Federal Marine Protected Areas The problem, according to the Congressional Po int C o nc ep ti on SM R Ka sh ta y it SM C A ** Cam pu s P o int SM C A ( No - T ak e) * G ol et a Sl ou g h S M CA (N o - Ta k e) * Va nde nb er g SM R * ** R ic ha rd so n R o ck SM R * ** Sc o rp io n SM R * ** Na pl es SM C A Ha rri s Po in t SM R * ** Car ri ng t on Po int S M R ** * Sportmen's Foundation and others, is that the law is too big not to fail. NOAA simply doesn't have the A nac a pa I sl and SM C A ** * A nac a pa I sl and SM R * ** resources or ability to fully comply. As an example Pai nt ed Ca v e SM C A ** * A nac a pa I sl and Sp ec ia l C lo su re *** Sa n M ig u el Is la nd Sp ec ia l Clo s ur e** * Ju di th R o ck SM R * ** So u th Po int SM R * ** Sk u nk Po int SM R * ** G ull Is la nd SM R * ** F oo t pr int SM R * ** Po int V ic en te SM C A ( No - T ak e) * A rr ow P o int t o Li on Hea d Po in t S M CA Sa nt a B arb a ra Is la nd SM R * ** have caused massive closures to recreational fshing U pp er N ew p or t Bay SM C A Bo ls a B ay SM C A Po int D u m e SM R Po int D u m e SM C A of how broken the system is, a recent update could Bo ls a C hi c a Bas i n S MC A (N o - Ta k e) * A b alo n e Co v e SM C A areas in 2010. (Again, this would have been closing recreational fshing to fx a problem caused by Cry s t al Co v e SM C A Bir d R oc k SM C A Lag u na Be ac h SM R Blu e C av er n SM C A ( No - T ak e) * commercial fshing. The identity crisis rages on!) Lag u na Be ac h SM C A ( No - T ak e) * Fortunately, the government did not do this just to Lo ng P o int SM R Cat H ar b o r SM C A Beg g R o c k SM R D ana Po int S M CA F arn sw o rt h O f fs ho r e S MC A State Marine Protected Areas State Marine Reserve (SMR) State Marine Conservation Area (SMCA) (No-Take)* Bat i q uit o s Lag o o n SM C A (N o - Ta k e) * Cas i no Po in t SM C A ( No - T ak e) * Lo v er 's Co v e SM C A F arn sw o rt h O ns ho re SM C A State Marine Conservation Area (SMCA) Special Closure South Coast Study Region Boundary Sw am i' s SM C A Sa n E lijo Lag o o n SM C A (N o - Ta k e) * Sa n D ie g o -S c ri pp s Co as t al SM C A Federal Marine Protected Areas Sa n D ie g ui to Lag o o n SM C A Ma t lah ua y l SM R Federal Marine Conservation Area Federal Marine Reserve Military Safety Zones (Closed Areas) So u th La Jo l la SM R ** This MPA, recommended by stakeholders as a State Marine Park (SMP), is designated as an SMCA, and could subsequently be designated an SMP at the discretion of the State Parks and Recreation Commission. F am o s a Sl ou g h S M CA (N o - Ta k e) * *** This MPA existed in its current state prior to adoption of the proposed regulation for the Marine Life Protection Act South Coast Study Region of efective management remain. In turn, this has helped push the development of MPAs, which are supposed to ofer a more concise and cohesive approach to fshery management So u th La Jo l la SM C A * This MPA, recommended by stakeholders as an SMR, is designated as an SMCA that allows no take, except as associated with activities regulated by other agencies, pursuant to any valid permits. comply with the letter of the law, but the challenges than a patchwork of regulation and the complexity Cab r il lo SM R of Magnuson-Stevens. Today, MPAs are being Tiju ana R iv e r Mo u th SM C A implemented and managed both at the federal level Projec tion In formation: World Mercator WGS 1984 ¹ 0 15 30 60 Miles October 31, 2011 For complete MPA information including boundaries and regulations, please go to 0 12.5 25 50 Na utical Miles by NOAA, which has an entire website dedicated to California's entire coastline has a variety of MPA designations. Southern Cal, where 20-to-30 million people live, has highly-defned MPAs. Some are No Take Zones, but most allow fshing of some kind. MPAs ( and also by individual states, like California.

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