Guy Harvey Magazine

SUM 2018

Guy Harvey Magazine is focused on fishing, boating, scuba diving, and marine conservation. Portfolios from the world's best fishing photographers, articles on gear, travel, tournaments, apparel, lifestyle, seafood recipes, sustainable fisheries.

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Page 29 of 83

30 | These new challenges illustrate how we are light years away from a captain's logbook and the science officer's tape recordings that were common tools used as recently as the 1970s. Today, marine research is moving toward cloud computing, new software platforms and artificial intelligence, as it did with the development of underwater vehicles to study the depths of the ocean over the last decade. With its pedigree stretching back to the foundations of Google, perhaps no organization is better equipped for this mass data frontier than SOI. In fact, Falkor was the first research vessel to install a high-performance computing system to allow scientists on a ship to model complex ocean processes based on instrument data in near real-time. And, as a privately run, non-government organization, SOI has encouraged rapid development and innovation. This is exemplified by the design and build of their 4,500 meter (approximately 15,000 ft.) remotely operated vehicle (ROV) SuBastian, which was brought from initial design drawing to ocean deployment in less than two years. Built from the ground up, ROV SuBastian was specifically created to support interactive, deep ocean research. ROV SuBastian is equipped with 10 cameras to capture ultra-high, 4K resolution video of extreme environments some three miles below the sea's surface. While diving, SuBastian is attached to Falkor by an umbilical cord that combines power cables and fiber optics, allowing it to stay at depth for indefinite periods. Titanium arms controlled by ROV pilot technicians in the ship's science control room can move in seven different ways to gently collect rocks and animal specimens, bringing them to the surface for analysis. A host of sensors report back oceanographic details such as temperature, pH and oxygen levels, to create a comprehensive view of some of the least visited parts of the ocean. Every aspect of the ROV has been carefully optimized to be as efficient and effective as possible, providing scientists with a set of eyes and hands that can access more than 65% of the planet's ocean floor. This includes remote, fragile, and irreplaceable habitats such as those found around hydrothermal vents and deep coral reefs, making the 4K video that SuBastian collects vitally important. We can now see and interact with some of the most remote places in the ocean like the Phoenix Islands Protected Area, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, or hydrothermal vent systems off of the Kingdom of Tonga. The robotic vehicle's specialized camera systems and ability to retrieve environmental data has provided countless hours of detail to geologists, biologists and chemists around the world. In some instances, these details have been put together to create a 3D reconstruction of a hydrothermal vent field, which can be visualized with virtual reality technology. In addition to providing unprecedented onboard capabilities, SOI's mission is to also share their findings with the world. Case in point, their exploration experiences are streamed live to millions of viewers during expeditions via a broadband satellite transmission. During the broadcasts, live commentary from the shipboard scientists are shared, offering viewers a first-hand account of active science on an oceangoing research ship. Scientists engage with participants in real-time, answering questions and suggestions on the science at-hand. Highlights from the dives are also shared in three-minute videos, featuring the most exciting elements, including expansive corals, alien-looking plankton and smoking vents. With literally tens of thousands of underwater images and video, and more being added daily to SOI's library, it's physically impossible for humans to review and analyze that much imagery. That's why SOI supported the development of Squidle+, a marine-scientific image software with deep learning ability. Through a partnership with Squidle+ developer Grey Bits, SOI has used the software's intuitive capability to interpret photos and video using dozens of filters, such as

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